Reference. VIEW BY REGION United States Alaska Great Plains Hawaii Mid-Atlantic Midwest Northeast Rocky Mountains South Southwest West Britain and the United States agreed to what has since been described as "joint occupancy" of lands west of the Continental Divide to the Pacific Ocean as part of the Anglo-American Convention of 1818, which established the 49th Parallel as the international boundary west from Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains. The Washington Supreme Court is the highest court in the state. [51] The Okanogan National Forest is the largest national forest on the West Coast, encompassing 1,499,023 acres (606,633 ha). [1] The state seal (featured in the state flag as well) was inspired by the unfinished portrait of President George Washington by Gilbert Stuart. Climate in Washington. These maps are based on the average annual extreme minimum temperatures. The WTA Seattle tennis tournament was part of the WTA Tour from 1977 to 1982. A 2004 study of 40 mothers from Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, and Montana found PBDEs in the breast milk of every woman tested. After the 2014 elections, the Democrats retained control of the House, while Republicans took a majority in the Senate without the need for a coalition. Washington was named after President George Washington by an act of the United States Congress during the creation of Washington Territory in 1853. Plants in this zone can withstand temperatures of -10 to 0°F. Washington's climate varies greatly from east to west. [107] As of April 2014[update], other Washington state billionaires included Microsoft's Paul Allen, Steve Ballmer, and Charles Simonyi, and Craig McCaw of McCaw Cellular Communications, James Jannard of Oakley, and Howard Schultz of Starbucks. There are 140 public airfields in Washington, including 16 state airports owned by the Washington State Department of Transportation. To find out more, visit The growing populace of Oregon Territory north of the Columbia River formally requested a new territory. The Pacific shore surrounding the San Juan Islands are heavily inhabited with killer, gray, and humpback whales. Resolution of the territorial and treaty issues, west to the Pacific, was deferred until a later time. 301.2Warmhumidcounties.Warmhumidcountiesarelisted in Table 301.2. Since then, in the 2018 election, the Democrats have only expanded their majorities. [142] All candidates run on the same ballot during primary elections and the top two candidates advance to the general election in November, regardless of party affiliation. He named the river after his ship, the Columbia. Most personal property owned by individuals is exempt from tax. Just click on the picture to see the full-size map. As described above, Washington's climate varies greatly from west to east. While the Boeing Company produced many of the nation's heavy bombers, ports in Seattle, Bremerton, Vancouver, and Tacoma were available for the manufacture of warships. This has resulted in several same-party general election match-ups. The growing season is 150 to 200 days long, but because Zone 4 summers are temperate (highs average from the low 60s to the 70s), plants take more time to develop. The apple industry is of particular importance to Washington. In 2013, Washington ranked first in the nation in production of red raspberries (92.7 percent of total U.S. production), hops (79.2 percent), spearmint oil (72.9 percent), wrinkled seed peas (60 percent), apples (57 percent), sweet cherries (50.9 percent), pears (49.5 percent), Concord grapes (36.5 percent), carrots for processing (36.5 percent), green peas for processing (34.4 percent), and peppermint oil (31.4 percent). The air-impermeable insulation shall be applied in direct contact to the underside of the structural roof sheathing as specified per WA Climate Zone for condensation control. The Seattle metropolitan combined statistical area, home to almost two-thirds of Washington's population, generally delivers stronger Democratic margins than most other parts of Western Washington. He claimed the coastal lands up to Prince William Sound for Spain as part of their claimed rights under the Treaty of Tordesillas, which they maintained made the Pacific a "Spanish lake" and all its shores part of the Spanish Empire. Washington—Race and Hispanic Origin: 1850 to 1990", "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010—United States—Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico 2010 Census National Summary File of Redistricting Data", "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States", "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Washington; UNITED STATES", "2016 American Community Survey—Demographic and Housing Estimates", "2016 American Community Survey—Selected Social Characteristics", "Americans under age 1 now mostly minorities, but not in Ohio: Statistical Snapshot", "Mandatory Busing in Seattle: Memories of a Bumpy Ride", "1,500 Cambodian refugees face deportation for crimes", "Puget Sound's Samoan community awaits news", Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 more information 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File, "Ethiopian and Eritrean Communities in Seattle", "Somali Community in Seattle—", "Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life (2014)", "LDS Statistics and Church Facts | Total Church Membership", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "Wicca more prevalent in the Pacific Northwest than most realize", "Gross Domestic Product by State: Fourth Quarter and Annual 2018", "Fast-growing Washington state knocks Massachusetts out of the top 10 largest state economies", "Ports on East Coast, Gulf Coast Outgain West Coast Peers in Second-Annual CBRE Seaports Index", "Jeff Bezos and Bill Gates got even richer in 2017", "Local Sales and Use Tax Rates by City/County", "Sound Transit 3 sales-tax increase takes effect Saturday", "Border-hopping shoppers cost state millions in lost revenue", "WSDOT Washington State Ferries Our Fleet", "King County International Airport/Boeing Field", "Ridership Annual Measures—Accountability Center—King County Metro Transit—King County", "Welcome to 'the Most Toxic Place in America, "Nation's most ambitious project to clean up nuclear weapons waste has stalled at Hanford", "Inside America's most toxic nuclear waste dump, where 56 million gallons of buried radioactive sludge are leaking into the earth", "Toxics Persist in Washington Rivers, Lakes and Fish", "Phosphate Ban Signed Into Law In Washington State", "Historical Perspecitve (sic) Of The Phosphate Detergent Conflict", "Six States Will Boast All-Women Senate Delegations in 2019", "The 15 Best-Educated Districts in the U.S., and Why It Matters in the Georgia Race", "Washington Top Two Primaries, Initiative 872 (2004)", "Colorado, Washington OK Recreational Marijuana Use", "Paid Sick Leave—Labor & Industries (L&I), Washington State", "Washington joins West Coast bloc of sanctuary states", "Competition in health insurance research", "The health insurer with largest individual market share in each state", "Dismantling of state's health reforms in 1993 may offer lessons for Obamacare repeal", "Consumer Reports: Seattle-area hospitals get low marks for stopping infections", "First Hill bustling with hospitals, culture", "The Evergreen State: Washington State Nickname", "Senate passes measure designating Walla Walla onion state veggie", "WSDOT—Highway Map—Washington State Facts", The official tourism site of the State of Washington, Secretary of State's Washington History website, Washington Administrative Code (State Administrative Rules), USGS real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of Washington, U.S. Census Bureau Quick Facts: Washington, Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History, Police Scanner Information for Washington state, CWU Brooks Library Edward W. Nolan Photograph Collection, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer, Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve, Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard & Intermediate Maintenance Facility, 1788–89 United States presidential election, Samuel Osgood House (First Presidential Mansion), Alexander Macomb House (Second Presidential Mansion), General George Washington Resigning His Commission, Washington and Jefferson National Forests, Washington–Rochambeau Revolutionary Route,, States and territories established in 1889, States of the West Coast of the United States, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from July 2019, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Articles needing the year an event occurred from September 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2017, Articles to be expanded from December 2017, Articles needing additional references from November 2016, All articles needing additional references, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 21:15. The map above can be enlarged by clicking it, which will help you determine your zone. [160], Coordinates: 47°22′57″N 120°26′50″W / 47.3826°N 120.4472°W / 47.3826; -120.4472 (State of Washington), This article is about the U.S. state. Early prominent industries in the state included agriculture and lumber. 1. In 1999, it set the world record for snowfall in a single season—1,140 inches (95 ft; 29 m).[26]. Koreans are heavily concentrated in the suburban cities of Federal Way and Auburn to the south, and in Lynnwood to the north. Find your USDA zone using these state maps. Climate can mean the average weather for a particular region and time period taken over 30 years. On January 1, 2018, the law went into effect, with Washington becoming the seventh state with paid sick leave requirements.[144]. Pacific Raceways is a motorsports venue which has hosted the Northwest Nationals of the NHRA Mello Yello Drag Racing Series and a round of the Trans-Am Series. Fall, especially, is a great time to see the city since temperatures are usually in the 50s and 60s. Washington enacted a measure in May 2019 in favor of sanctuary cities, similar to California and Oregon laws which are among the strongest statewide mandates in the nation. Based on the 2007 information and a previous 2004 Ecology study, the Washington State Department of Health advises the public not to eat mountain whitefish from the Wenatchee River from Leavenworth downstream to where the river joins the Columbia, due to unhealthy levels of PCBs. In addition, health insurance companies were required to sell policies to all individuals, regardless of pre-existing conditions, and cover basic benefits. Washington businesses are responsible for various other state levies, including the business and occupation tax (B & O), a gross receipts tax which charges varying rates for different types of businesses. ZONE 1A: Coldest mountain and intermountain areas of the contiguous states and Southwestern British Columbia. Washington climate summary The Washington lies on 11m above sea level The climate here is mild, and generally warm and temperate. In eastern Washington, the Yakima River Valley became known for its apple orchards, while the growth of wheat using dry farming techniques became particularly productive. Summer days west of the Cascades rarely rise above 80 degrees Fahrenheit, and winter is fairly pleasant. From Seattle, take the ferry to the San Juan Islands – the San Juan Islands enjoy an average of 250 days per year of sunshine, so this is a great year-round activity. Three years later, in November 2012, same-sex marriage was affirmed via Referendum 74, making Washington one of only three states to have approved same-sex marriage by popular vote. Fort Nisqually, a farm and trading post of the Hudson's Bay Company and the first European settlement in the Puget Sound area, was founded in 1833. Growing zones help gardeners figure out which plants, flowers and vegetables will thrive, which will likely not survive the winters, and when to plant. Urban Indian communities formed by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs relocation programs in Seattle since the end of World War II brought a variety of Native American peoples to this diverse metropolis. Depending on the season, you're bound to spot plenty of wildlife, including pods of orca whales. During winter months some of these passes are plowed, sanded, and kept safe with avalanche control. [143], In November 2016, voters approved Initiative 1433, which among other things requires employers to guarantee paid sick leave to most workers. Refer to the requirements for each building envelope area, based on your project’s Climate Zone IECC 2015 Requirements by Climate Zone 3. [47][48] Coastal bays and islands are often inhabited by plentiful amounts of shellfish and whales. The two current United States Senators from Washington are Patty Murray and Maria Cantwell, both Democrats. During the Great Depression, a series of hydroelectric dams were constructed along the Columbia river as part of a project to increase the production of electricity. The state, which is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean, Oregon to the south, Idaho to the east, and the Canadian province of British Columbiato th… 301.3 International climate zones. These proposals failed to garner support. This range includes raptors, shorebirds, woodland birds, grassland birds, ducks, and others. The climate of Washington, D.C. (District of Columbia), the US federal capital, is semi-continental, with cold winters and hot and muggy summers.The city is located on the 38th parallel, in a way, between the cold and the warm part of the United States. Seattle-Tacoma International Airport (Sea-Tac) is the major commercial airport of greater Seattle. [119] The rain shadow of the Cascade Range leaves the Columbia River Basin with around 8 inches (200 mm) of annual rain fall, making irrigation and water rights of paramount interest to the Washington wine industry. The state marine mammal is the orca. Mount Rainier, the tallest mountain in the state,[15] is 50 miles (80 km) south of the city of Seattle, from which it is prominently visible. Washington uses the non-partisan blanket primary system after the approval of Initiative 872 in 2004. [94] An estimated 30,000 Somali immigrants reside in the Seattle area. Given that the contiguous United States spans the width of North America, it’s not surprising that the country has no fewer than nine unique climate zones. On the west coast of the state lies Seattle. The unofficial, but popularly accepted, state rock song is Louie Louie. When deciding what to plant in each zone, the plant must be able to thrive in a climate … [128] Residents of Vancouver have resisted proposals to extend Portland's mass transit system into Washington. The Seattle Open Invitational golf tournament was part of the PGA Tour from the 1930s to the 1960s. Climate Zone #1 R-10 minimum rigid board or air-impermeable insulation R-value. Similarly, Washington voters approved a 2008 referendum on legalization of physician-assisted suicide, and is currently one of only five states, along with Oregon, California, Colorado and Vermont, as well as the District of Columbia to have legalized the practice. [147] As of August 2009, there were 295 school districts in the state, serviced by nine Educational Service Districts. It continues to be the most important revenue source for public schools, fire protection, libraries, parks and recreation, and other special purpose districts. [114] Additional border economies exist with neighboring British Columbia and Idaho. Washington was considered a key swing state in 1968, and it was the only western state to give its electoral votes to Democratic nominee Hubert Humphrey over his Republican opponent Richard Nixon. A new map shows more than 1,400 towns in the U.S., 30 in Washington state, where half the population will be displaced if current trends continue through the end of this century. Travelers are well-advised to research the climate of the regions they plan to visit, to be able to pack accordingly and plan appropriate activities. The state is one of four with two female senators.[136]. The Lewis and Clark Expedition entered the state on October 10, 1805. [95], In 2010, 82.51% (5,060,313) of Washington residents age 5 and older spoke English at home as a primary language, while 7.79% (477,566) spoke Spanish, 1.19% (72,552) Chinese (which includes Cantonese and Mandarin), 0.94% (57,895) Vietnamese, 0.84% (51,301) Tagalog, 0.83% (50,757) Korean, 0.80% (49,282) Russian, and German, 0.55% (33,744). Irish (10.8%), English (10.4%), Norwegian (5.4%), and American (4.6%). Program was discontinued in 2014 to the county treasurer 's Office where the property is located bill.! Is publicly owned, including Seattle, Bellevue, Tacoma had large where... The Chinook, Lummi, and 11.2 % 65 or older Winthrop and Mazama you in. Reach altitudes significantly higher than the rest of the what climate zone is washington state PGA Tour from the federal estate tax of 20 F... Became law to ahead of time, as of 2017 's largest cities, pods! 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