The leaves are oblong ranging from 8 to 12 inches and colored green with striking veins. Stems are red. In the tropics, begonias range in size from 8 inches to 12 feet in height. Care requirements are minimal. Blooms occur during mid to late summer and appear purplish, reddish, or brown. This article is part of our Rainforest Series. Firs 5. Large flowers resemble a butterfly and come in colors of yellow, bronze, and brown. The Bird of Paradise. It is a member of the Aracea family and is similar to Dumb Cane. In the previous article we covered plants in the tropical rainforest. They have stilt roots that project out of the trunk above the ground (see our Plants In The Tropical Rainforest article to find out more about stilt roots). Flowers are followed by eye-catching red berries. They are considered easy to grow. Flowers of outdoor varieties develop an ivory-white blossom on a spadix that is covered with a light green spathe. Spineless yucca needs full sun but will tolerate some shade. There are over 600 species of rattan palm. Begonias range in size from 6 to 12 inches and bloom from early summer until frost. The blooms are generally yellow, orange, or red, and they have banding at the base of the petals that is usually maroon to orange in color. Spider plants form plantlets that hang down and create an attractive display. It is a vine plant that uses aerial roots to cling to and wrap trees with attractive foliage. Leaves are green and variegated with yellow-marbling and may reach 30 inches in length. In this guide, you’ll find a list of our selected tropical flowering plants that come from many tropics include the Equator and other parts of North and South America, Hawaii, Africa, Australia, and Asia. Pines 6. Lianas: plants form in a shape as a vine. Palms have numerous commercial and ornamental uses. Today, the sap is harvested for use in cosmetics such as lotions for its ability to moisten or heal dry skin. Jade plants fall under the category of succulent shrubs. This is known as ‘rubber tapping’. Plants grow between 6 and 9 inches with the same spread. Ornamental varieties reach between 6 to 8 feet and have waxen leaves similar to the philodendron plant. In its natural habitat, it matures to heights of 30 feet. As its name suggests, it is used to make furniture. In North America, this showy flower tends to bloom between June and September and can be easy to start from seeds. Some examples of temperate grasslands include: plains and prairies in central North America, the puszta in Hungary, the downs of New Zealand and Australia, pampas in Argentina and … Operating A Tropical plant nursery can be fun! Wild vanilla orchids are pollinated by hummingbirds and melipona bees. Norfolk Island pines may great houseplants. surprisingly. It grows best indoors and in greenhouses, requiring temperatures between 60 degrees and 85 degrees Fahrenheit for optimal growth and blooming. Kauris Sansevieriatrifasciata is nicknamed viper’s bowstring hemp, snake plant, Saint George’s Sword and mother-in-laws’s tongue. Croton or Joseph’s Coat is a perennial with a woody type stem. Petite, graceful flowers dangle on 18 inch panicles and can be found in shades of coral red or pink. As the fig grows, its roots descend to the forest floor. The Asclepias curassavica or blood flower is a tropical plant that originated in South America and is a member of the Apocynaceae family. It grows in South Asian rainforests. Plants reach heights of 3 to 6 feet with 2 to 3 foot spreads. Plants grow to heights of 1 to 2 feet and spread between 6 and 12 inches. Bird of Paradise may be grown from seeds but require 3 to 5 years for maturity and blooming. Some have specially adapted roots that enable them to capture water and nutrients from the air. Discover The World’s Freshwater Habitats, North American Animals List. Horsetails – These reeds are. As an indoor plant, it seldom flowers and cannot produce fruit due to pollination requirements. It is a member of the Asparagacea family and a broadleaf evergreen. Thank you for your support! Spineless yucca is an easy to care for plant that does great in containers. Hibiscus, orchids, gardenia, bird-of-paradise, and fire brush are some commonly-grown tropical shrubs and plants, while bougainvillea, morning glory, passion vines, and rubber vines are some well-known tropical vines. Kapok trees are tall rainforest trees whose highest branches form part of the emergent layer. This is beneficial to the giant honey bee, an insect that nests high in the tree’s branches. Tomato vines, for example, live several years in their natural tropical/subtropical habitat but are grown as annuals in temperate regions because they don't survive the winter. Gaillardia flowers typically grow to a height of 2 to 3 feet, and spread up to 2 feet. Outdoors the umbrella plant develops tiny red flowers during the summer months. A sweet variety is grown as a vegetable and a bitter type is used to produce starch. These tropical epiphytes easily adapt to their surroundings and are able to flourish in pots. There are over 1.9 million rubber trees growing in the Amazon Rainforest. Photo: yakovlev.alexey, resized by ActiveWild [CC BY-SA 2.0]Walking palms grow in the tropical rainforests of Central and South America. An example of vine species is the strangler fig (Ficus aurea), a parasitic plant with thick foliage and thick roots that, in the future, kills its host plant. The Euphorbia plant originated in South American and Mexico. Epipremnum aureum also commonly skirts across the ground in lengths reaching 40 feet with spreads ranging from 3 to 6 feet. Leaves are shiny green leaflets about a half of foot in length. Roots grow only for short distances below the ground to tap nutrients from the thin layer of topsoil where most of the nutrients are concentrated. In Hawaii, taro is grown commercially as a food crop. Philippine evergreen does best in shady locations. Such trees are found in rainforests with poor nutrient content in the soil. of 53,562. design tree leaf banana bush tropical wedding tropical leaf tropical watercolor frame watercolor palm branch flowers garden white background print tropical paradise black and white vector palm foliage isolated. It is a member of the Euphorbiaceae family and also known as smoketree spurge, tropical smoke brush or Caribbean copper plant. Its timber is resistant to rot, and is used in carpentry and joinery. The aroid palm grows well in shady locations and is an herbaceous evergreen perennial. On this page, you’ll find a tropical rainforest plants list, with pictures and information on individual plant species. There is also a class of evergreen, or non-herbaceous, perennials, including plants like Bergenia which retain a mantle of leaves throughout the year. Dumb Cane or Dieffenbachia sequine is a tropical flowering plant and member of the Araceae family. Monarch Butterflies lay eggs under the leaves which hatch and eat the leaves. There are many different types of pitcher plant; all work in the same way. These plants are native to areas of North and South America. The water is used not only by the plant, but also by many rainforest animals. Tubers contain hydrocyanic acid which is poison and must be removed prior to consumption. These are large, wide roots spreading out on all sides of the tree. The bucket orchid and the orchid bee have co-evolved; each is dependent on the other to reproduce. Mature plants produce yellow flowers on 3 foot stalks during summer months. Grow originally in the Pacific Islands, Malaysia and northern Australia, it has become a popular ornamental houseplant. This rare plant grows on vines that cross the forest floor. Following the flowers are bunches of red berries. Others might consider tropical to also include plants from sub tropical places. Labeled as a broadleaf evergreen, the Euphorbia plant grows best in full sun. ... grasslands or tropical grasslands. scarlet milkweed, swallow wort, matal, Indian root, Mexican butterfly weed Yucca elephantipes may be planted outdoors during warm periods. Epiphytes are plants that live on other plants. Epiphytes even grow on other epiphytes! Pitcher plants have evolved to prey on insects, and are found in areas in which the soil is low in nutrients. It is also known as scarlet milkweed, swallow wort, matal, Indian root, Mexican butterfly weed and tropical milkweed. Palm trees are perennial members of the Arecaceae family. In the fall, yellow creamy flowers bloom near the base of the plant. In order to do this, some plants grow faster, some have bigger leaves, and others evolve better defences against predators. Cypresses 4. She enjoys writing about plants that grow all over the world and tries her hand at growing several new-to-her flower species each year. With proper research, scientists believe they are capable of finding cures for some of the world’s deadliest diseases among rainforest plants; some of these plants have not even been discovered yet. Heliconias are popular ornamental plants in many parts of the world. News and facts about animals, natural history and science. Caladium bicolor plants are members of the Arum family and grow from bulbs. There are over 200,000 species of dicots so of course this article wont cover them all, but I’ll showcase some common ones and some not so common ones. Epipremnum aureum (Devil’s ivy) is indigenous to the Solomon Islands and member of the Araceae family. Begonias originated as evergreens in tropical and subtropical areas around the globe. When leaves first sprout, they are shades of pink turning to red but mature deep green. Larches 10. Tacca integrifolia (white batflower) is a tropical perennial that originated in Central Asia. In areas with colder climates, the plant may be potted and taken inside or mulched for winter dormancy. Today, the word ‘vanilla’ is usually used to describe a flavour, rather than the plant from which it comes. It is known as devil’s ivy and golden pothos. Inedible green bananas will follow giving the Japanese banana exotic appeal. In nature, Philodendrons may reach heights of nearly 20 feet with spreads between 3 and 6 feet. Ornamental house plant varieties generally do not bloom. Tuberous roots grow similar to the sweet potato plant and are used as a food source. Despite this, the fruit is a popular food. The plant draws nutrients from bodies of their prey. Crane flowers are unusual in that banana-shaped leaves sprout from the soil without the need for a stem. If you’re looking for a low maintenance tropical plant, this is it! The Canna plant has large spade-shaped variegated leaves that come in different shades, some with stripping. Click on the photo below to discover this week’s animal! Tropical Trees and Sub-Tropical Trees, list, pictures and articles, with thousands of original digital photos, the best site on the Internet for tropical plants, sub tropical plants, exotic plants with growing guides plus solid HOW TO information for growth and care There are often splotches or even stripping in the color patterns. They’re extra colorful in the warmer months. For centuries, Aloe Vera has been used for natural healing purposes due to the healing properties of the sap. The majestic flowers grow on yellowish spadix or spikes. The fig is now able to capture more sunlight and draw up more nutrients than its host, which eventually dies. These vines live in the canopy layer. Traditional Scarlet sage produces bright red long tubed blossoms on straight square stems with dark green leaves. The bat plant matures to a height of 2 to 4 feet with a spread of 1 to 2 feet. Does it remind you of the beautiful and warm sunny days with the clear blue sky? Plant adaptations in the desert, rainforest and tundra allow plants and trees to sustain life. The tree is harvested for latex, a milky fluid found in vessels in the tree’s bark. Redwoods 7. This plant is poisonous to humans and animals. With age, the trunk broadens, and the bark becomes more rugged or gnarled. The smoketree spurge is grown as a shrub growing in heights of 2 to 6 feet but may grow as high as 30 feet when trained as a tree. In about a week, flowers will mature to light green. Junipers 2. White flowers form in spring through summer. The plant requires little maintenance and is grown in gardens, borders, hanging baskets and as a household plant. The leaves are sword-shaped and easily fashioned into hula skirts. They will spread quickly and need to be contained if put in the ground. It also makes a vibrant cut flower. Read on to find out if your favourite tropical flower made the cut. There are many types of rainforest orchid, and we’ll look at some individual species below. They are herbaceous perennials and grow well in sunny locations with some shade. See tropical plants stock video clips. Flowers are tiny, star-shaped, and come in shades of white. In the tropics, Dumb Cane thrives in partial to full shade, grows to heights of 10 feet and blooms seasonally. Flowers come in bi-colors, pink, red, or white. Stems resemble tree trucks and support 2 inch long elongated, plump and glossy green leaves. Ornamental varieties may be planted outside in warm, frost-free areas. Sansevieria trifasciata is a common indoor plant that does well in outdoor shady locations during the summer months. Aloe Vera is a tropical herbaceous perennial and has been nicknamed aloe or medicinal aloe. Snake plants are stemless evergreens that grow between 3 and 4 feet and spread between 1 to 2 feet. The male bee is first attracted by the flower’s scent. Caladiums grow from tubers and rarely flower. As a native plant, Monstera deliciosa vine wraps around trees, attaching itself with aerial roots and covering the trunk with huge 1 to 3 foot leaves. In regions with temperatures nearing freezing or below, tubers should be dug up and stored inside. Only a few birds can reach to the nectar in these flowers. These flowers are so fascinating, exotic and sometimes even weird to observe. 454 572 64. They are native to Asia and the tropical islands. Related Images: tropical plant nature green exotic leaves jungle summer leaf flora. Conifers include: 1. Dividing the plant clumps is recommended. Some people like the smell, but others find it repulsive! Flowering is prolific and eye-catching with dozens of reddish-orange inch long, yellow-tipped tubular blossoms. Ornamental cultivators are prized for their unique flowers and foliage. As members of the Araceae family and perennials, Peace Lilies grow in shady to partially shady locations. Growing from a rhizome, the Japanese banana needs shelter from strong winds and plenty of space for optimal growth. Other orchids have roots that spread out over the branch of the host tree, capturing water without needing to bury into the ground. Insects fall into the plant’s tube-like body after having been lured in with nectar or tempting scents. Hooked spines on their stems allow them to climb up the other trees towards the sunlight. With loud colors and large foliage, tropical plants are most commonly thought of as exotic plants. The leaves are shiny, tough, and have even edges. Frame Leaves Watercolor. It is a member of the 4 species Asparagales family. They support other plants . It is a seasonal bloomer producing small ivory flowers on spikes. Amaryllis plants are native to Central and South America. Easily started from seeds, the blood root can be grown for gardens, cut flowers, or walkways. Tropical plants and flowers are just so unique and interesting to look at. Tualangs have very smooth bark, making them difficult for animals to climb. Salvia splendens grows well in containers or gardens. Tubers are harvested for making “poi”. Cannas bloom during the months of July and September. Houseplant cultivars generally reach about 4 feet in height with the most popular cultivar being the heart leaf Philodendron. Amaryllis bulbs sprout on a plump hollow stem. Cedars 3. Terminalia Catappa Tree. She is an avid gardener. Latex is used to make natural rubber. Perhaps, you might be interested to read more about other houseplants that are increasingly … Cannas grow best in full sun and are considered low maintenance plants. It is known as bitter cassava, tapioca and manioc and grows as an annual in full sun to partial shade. The tropical region of the world generally refers to places on or close to the equator. In its native habitat, the Norfolk Island pine may grow to heights of 200 feet with spreads up to 25 feet. Photo: Dvellakat (resized & cropped by Active Wild) [CC BY-SA 4.0]Bamboo is the largest member of the grass family. Considered a shrub, it reaches heights of 4 feet and spreads about 3 feet. The plant forms a circular bush approximately 2 feet in height with the same spread. Leaves are large, about 5 inches wide and 12 inches long. Blood flowers are perennials evergreens and grow approximately 2 to 3 feet in height. Starting new begonias is usually by plant division or cuttings from leaves or stems. 5,356,179 tropical plants stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. Leaves are bipinnately compound which translates into leaflets that are divided into additional leaflets. By: Michelle Wishhart 21 September, 2017. carnivores image by Vladdy from Many of the plants in this tropical rainforest plants list are epiphytes. Scientists now think that the roots simply improve the tree’s stability. The entire plant is poisonous to pets and humans. Cuphea attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Nicknamed the powder puff tree, flowers bloom seasonally in bright red hemisphere shapes and have striking scarlet stamens. They come in many different colors including red, green, orange, purple, pink, white, etc… and can be found in both gardens and rain forests. What about tropical plants and places you can visit? They attach themselves to the host tree by wrapping their roots around its branches. Despite the fact that Devil’s ivy is so popular and can be grown everywhere, its flowers are rarely seen because of the shy-flowering nature due to gibberellin (GA) deficiency. How To Grow and Care for Katuk (Sauropus androgynus), Top 8 Heat-Resistant Flowering Plants You Can Grow, Everything You Need To Know About Potato Flower, Everything You Need To Know about Pumpkin Flowers, Sea Grape Tree (Coccoloba uvifera): How To Grow and Care. A few examples of tropical rainforest plants are Avocado Trees, Orchids, Ferns, Bromeliads, … Philodendron hederaceum is a vine plant and member of the Araceae family. Cordyline fruticosa grows from rhizomes which are edible and used as a food source in Hawaii. Anthuriums are some of the most popular tropical flowers. Commonly planted is the cultivar Cuphea ignea. These deter rainforest animals such as manatees from eating them. Birds and mammals drink from the tank. Also known as scarlet sage, it comes in variety of cultivators with average heights of 3 to 4 feet that spread forming clumps of similar dimensions. The leaves of the Aglaonema commutatum are spear-shaped and dark green with splashes of gray. Zamioculcas zamiifolia is commonly called the ZZ plant or aroid palm. It was once thought that these roots enabled the trees to ‘walk’ to a new position if it was knocked over by another tree. Taro flowers are white with yellowish markings and bloom during July and August. The Brugmansia plant reaches maturity between 5 and 6 feet in height and circumference and is considered a small tree or shrub. The Musa basjoo (hardy banana) is an herbaceous perennial and belongs to the Musaceae family. Growing to heights of over 80m (262 ft.), tualangs are among the tallest of all rainforest trees. Originating in western  Africa, it is an herbaceous perennial and member of the Asparagaceae family. Most blossoms are singles, but there are double blossom varieties available. Photo: Dick Culbert (cropped / resized by ActiveWild) [CC BY 2.0]Tualang trees grow in the rainforests of Southeast Asia. Ornamental cultivars grow to more manageable heights of 1 to 10 feet. It is a member of the Asphodelaceae family and originated in the Mediterranean. They tower over the other trees in the forest, forming the emergent layer – the top layer of the rainforest. We participate in some affiliate advertising programs including Amazon Associates Program. Leaves are heart-shaped. Plant populations co-evolve characteristics that are uniquely tailored to their environment. They bear male and female cones that pollinate and spread. Tadpoles grow there, and insects lay their eggs in the pond. Its fruit are eaten, and its wood used in building. It is a member of the Solanaceae family and grows best in full sun, requiring fertilizer during peak blooming cycles. Plants found in grasslands have low growing points to accommodate for grazing herd animals. Anthurium is a member of nearly 1000 species of Aracea family. It is best known as the source of ‘carnauba wax’, which comes from the tree’s leaves. The system eventually turned north and once again re-strengthened into a high-end tropical storm. Flowers bloom in the later days of summer and are white to creamy in color. The Zamoiculas zamiifolia grows from rhizomes and can be started by division or leaf cuttings. The plant grows in 3 to 5 foot clumps, and flowers bloom randomly in showy colors of orange and blue approximately 6 inches wide and 18 inches in length. Greenish-white flowers are produced on mature plants with optimum conditions. Do you love tropical weather? Trees of the genus Swietenia are harvested for their wood, which is called mahogany. They are grown as ornamental plants in other areas. They produce a smell like rotting flesh, which is how they got the name ‘Corpse Flower’. The leaves are single and vertical with hues of deep green and burgundy speckling. Setting up a tropical plant nursery operation can be as simple as the set up you see in this video. Ornamental cultivars may be used as dwarf trees, hedges or potted plants with heights ranging from 3 to 6 feet. The plants flourish in humidity and heat and grow from 3 to 10 feet in height. Caladiums creative attractive borders and beds. The plant likes low light. In this list of tropical rainforest plants, some of our chosen species are very big, some are very beautiful … and some are even dangerous (if you’re an insect)! Orchids in the rainforest are often epiphytes. Peace Lilies or Spathiphyllum have become popular ornamental plants in public spaces due to the theory that they have the ability to clear the air by removing “vaporized solvents.” They are also valued for their beauty and ease of flowering in medium light. The plant is characterized with bluish-green thin leaves that are blade-shaped. Its fruit is edible, and an important food in the Amazon region. Today, cultivators come in a multitude of colors from bicolor, scarlet red, blue, lavender, orange and pink. Plants have heart-shaped leaves that are dark green and shiny with new leaves being yellowish-brown in color.